Shark News for Jan. 12

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CKS Spring Sports

By Sarah Bartholemy
& Chloe Reynolds
Shark Correspondents
    As winter sports come to an end, Cedar Key School is preparing to start its spring training.
Shark track and baseball are just around the corner; athletes are ordering new gear and mentally preparing themselves for what’s about to come. Track practice will start on Wednesday, February 1st with baseball practice beginning soon after.       Veteran, Kevin Carswell said “I’m so excited for track season. I’ve been waiting for it all year, and I know that it’s going to be an awesome year. Go Sharks!”

Rock with the Sharks and roll with the Tigers

By Lauren Bartholemy
Shark Correspondent
“Dribble, dribble, woo,” that’s the sound the Cedar Key Sharks heard as they ran out of the locker room at Trenton High School. Thursday January 5th, the Sharks arrived at Trenton High School ready for a new game.
The varsity girls played first, keeping the score close till the last quarter. The final score for their game was 44-29 in favor of the Tigers.
 Taryn Epperson, a freshman on the varsity girls team, commented on the game, “It was a rough game, but we played our hardest, and we played till the end.”
The boys also played hard during the game, ending the game with a 64-26 score, Trenton winning. Kit Riley, another freshman on the team exclaimed, “We could have played better on offense, but we played well.”

The Effects of the Net Ban on Cedar Key

By Claire Brown
Shark Correspondent
It’s a cool October morning in Cedar Key, Florida. The year is 1993. In just a couple of days the town will be hosting it’s annual Seafood Festival. The fishermen of the town are bustling about this morning preparing for a long day of work. The town depends on these men and women to gather enough mullet to feed all of the tourists who come in for the festival. The fishermen pull on their faded and work-worn jeans and their white rubber boots. They load their nets onto their boats and head out into the salty bliss of the gulf. At the end of the day the fishermen will have caught more than enough mullet to feed everyone on the island this festival weekend. The day was a success, as usual. This was the case before the Net Ban law came to be; before the livelihood of many commercial fishermen in Cedar Key was taken away.
Just 50 miles south of Gainesville, Florida lies the tiny island community of Cedar Key. Cedar Key was once booming in the commercial fishing business, that is until 1994 when the Florida Net Ban came to be. Cedar Key’s commercial fisherman fought against this law best they could. However in July of 1995 the Florida Net Ban went from being a bad idea (from the locals point of view) to a law.
The net ban law banned the use of gill nets, entangling nets, and nets larger than 500 square feet for nine miles into the Gulf of Mexico (McCarthy 192). These nets were used daily by commercial fishermen in Cedar Key. With such a thriving commercial fishing economy the high demand for fish called for the use of large nets that could easily ensure that the supply met the demand. When the nets were banned officials estimated that twenty-five Cedar Key families were put out of business completely and many other individuals were affected as well (McCarthy 192).
Of course every story has two sides. It isn’t as if a group of hateful people came to Florida one day and decided to ruin the lives of all the commercial fishermen. Those who supported the ban had a legitimate reason for doing so. According to southeasternfish.org, the main arguments of the proponents of the net ban were as follows: the large nets have been responsible for “excessive and damaging harvesting” of fish populations and are notorious for killing marine animals such as turtles, porpoises, manatees and birds. The population of fish species subjected to gill netting have “declined greatly and are continuing to fall,” and  “the food-market demand for mullet can easily be handled by professional cast netters” (Jones).
Those who opposed the net ban also had strong arguing points. According to Dr. Behzad Mahmoudi of the Florida Marine Research Institute, “the mullet fishery has not collapsed nor been overfished” (Jones). The inshore gillnet fishermen also were not “killing hundreds of turtles.” That is a major overstatement. In the four years from 1988 until 1992 only twenty-one turtle deaths were associated with nets. As for the manatees that the commercial fishermen were apparently slaughtering, there were only seven manatee deaths related to nets in a seventeen year period. Five of these were in Puerto Rico and two were in fresh water, therefore they should not have even been used as a reason to ban net fishing from the Gulf of Mexico (Jones). The manatee example was completely irrelevant. The same goes for the deaths of the birds and porpoises that the net ban proponents used against the commercial fishermen. When studied farther the number of deaths caused by nets can be taken from a large number to a small one if not zero.
Television ads were used to persuade Floridians to pick a side on the issue. The proponents television ad was—no surprise here—misleading. The ad showed a shrimp boat dumping a net full of fish and an upside down turtle on to the deck of the boat while a large booming voice urged you to “VOTE YES!” on amendment three. The video image used for this television ad was one taken from a “turtle excluder device” study conducted by the University of Georgia. It was completely irrelevant to the net ban proposal because it did not depict the kind of activities that would truly be effected by the net ban (Jones). Those who opposed the net ban had three basic television ads that showed the affects that banning nets would have on commercial fishermen and fishing communities like Cedar Key (Jones).
Cedar Key native, Danielle Beckham is married into one of the largest families in Cedar Key. The Beckhams have been here for many generations and have always made thier living on the water as commercial fishermen. It only seemed right to get a statement from a Beckham on the issue of the net ban. When I asked Mrs. Beckham to give me her insight on the net ban this is what she had to say:
The thing that was so sad about the whole net ban was that people voted on pure ignorance. The pamphlets they would hand out to public had pictures of turtles and dolphins hung up and killed in nets. So the people who voted thought we were horrendous. But what they didn’t know was we didn’t have those kinds of species of dolphins and turtles here. They were from California. All the pictures were from California. So people voted on false information or just not knowing. They didn’t know how bad of an impact it would be on the families of this community and many others. They took away the livelihoods of many people. They took away a trade from our ancestors that many generations have used to support their families. It was and is still very sad. At least it was for the Beckham’s anyway. Thank God for clams coming to our community or this little town may have never recovered.
It’s obvious from Mrs. Beckhams response that even though the net ban took effect over 15 years ago, the sting is still felt by many in Cedar Key.
To back-up Mrs. Beckham’s statement that the people who voted yes on the net ban were unknowledgeable of the issue at hand Cheryl Allen, fourth grade teacher at Cedar Key school and Cedar Key native comments that:
It’s evidence that many Americans have NO clue what they are voting for when they bubble in the ballot. I remember a festival following the net ban some years ago where I was sitting at a picnic table and some visitors rested on the bench right across from me and were somewhat irritated there were no mullet dinners. I asked them if they were from Florida and if they remembered anything about Amendment Three, infamously known as the net ban. They were, and they did. Then it dawned on them that the nets they voted to ban to “save the turtles” caught the mullet they so craved. The looks on their faces were priceless! As devastating as the net ban seemed at the time, it was the doorway through which aquaculture arrived. Nearly two decades later, we’re still surviving. The lasting negative effect we face personally is the dependence on, and exorbitant price of “imported” bait fish used for crabbing, which supplements down time in clamming. Boy, I sure miss that good ol’ fat back slime!
Based on the comments from both of these Cedar Key ladies, I am convinced that the people who supported the net ban may have very likely been mislead.
The University of Florida conducted two surveys on a group of fourty-four commercial fishing families with children. One survey was done in the years 1991-1993 prior to the net ban and the second one was done in 1997-1998 after the net ban had been made law (Adams). The two surveys were compared and they clearly show the effects of the net ban on Florida’s commercial fishing families.
From the time of the first survey to the second the number of families surveyed who fished full-time dropped 20%. Also, the number of hours spent on a boat dropped from sixty-two to thirty-eight. About 25% of the fishermen interviewed had retired completely from fishing following the net ban (Adams). For some families like those in Cedar Key, who’s lives depended on commercial fishing, I would  say that the net ban effects were probably similar to be laid off from work.
Linda Dale published the following in The Cedar Key News: “One of the most painful history-changing events in the Cedar Keys was the Net Ban debacle. An entire town and community`s way of life was under the gun. Ms. Coupe brings us back to that time of raw frustration, anger and loss and we are reminded of the funeral-like pall that enveloped the little fishing village.” I think that statement sums up the turbulent effect that this law had on the small fishing community in which I live. Although I was only a baby when all of this was going on, I am saddened to think of what all the older people of Cedar Key (some of which are my own ancestors) faced during this time. This is just proof that during times of hardship in a small town everyone comes together and pulls through even if the odds are against them. Cedar Key is now the number one producer of farm raised clams in the United States.

CKS End of Semester Schedule
Montana Beckham, Shark Correspondent.

Cedar Key High school and Middle school students will be preparing for exam week beginning Friday Jan. 13th.
End of semester exams count for 30% of the students’ semester grade. Teachers may exempt high school students if they have an A average for that course. If they are exempt and come to school they must remain in their assigned classroom for that period.
Students may choose to stay home for that period if exempt for that class. This will be marked as an absence, but will not count against the maximum allowed. Students may check out after completing their exams if they bring a note.
High School Schedule:

Friday 1/13-            12:50-1:10        7th Period Review
                1:10-2:20        7th Period Review

Early Release                 Tues. 1/17             Wed. 1/18                  Thurs. 1/19

8:05-8:20    Review    1st per.            3rd per.        5th per.

8:20-9:40    Exam        1st per.            3rd per.        5th per.

9:40-9:50    Break    

9:50-10:05    Review    2nd per.        4th per.        6th per.

10:05-11:25    Exam        2nd per.        4th per.        6th per.

11:25-12:00    Lunch

Middle School Schedule:

Early Release                     Wed. 1/18        Thurs. 1/19

8:05-8:20    Review        1st per.                 3rd per.

8:20-9:40    Exam            1st per.                 3rd per.

9:40-9:50    Break    

9:50-10:05    Review        2nd per.             4th per.

10:05-11:25    Exam            2nd per.             4th per.

11:25-12:00    Lunch

January Calendar
Cedar Key School

Tuesday         3     Teacher Work Day

Wednesday    4     Students Return

Thursday    5    Basketball game (Away; Varsity Girls and Boys)
            Family reading night

Friday        6    Basketball game (Home; Middle School Boys)
            Girl Scout parent cookie meeting (2:30)

Monday        9    Teen Trendsetters
            Basketball game (Away; Middle School Girls and Boys)

Tuesday        10    PTO meeting (3:30)
            Basketball game (Home; Varsity Girls and Boys)
            Daisies and Brownies (4)

Thursday    12    Basketball game (Home; Middle School Girls and Boys)
            Family Reading Night (6:30 – 8:30)

Friday        13    Basketball game (Home; All Teams)
            High School Exams

Monday         16    No School    Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. Day    

Tuesday        17    Early Release

Wednesday    18    Early Release

Thursday    19    Early Release
            Family Reading Night
            End of 2nd 9 weeks    

Friday        20    Basketball game (Away; Middle School Boys, Varsity Girls and Boys)
            No School     Professional Dev. Day    

Monday        23    Teen Trendsetters
            Basketball (Home; Middle School Girls and Boys)

Tuesday        24    FFA District Contests
            Basketball game (Home, Middle School Girls and Boys)
            Daisies and Brownies (4:00)

Wednesday    25    Early Release

Thursday    26    Middle School LIFE Field Tip
            Homecoming Parade (4:00)
            Family Reading Night (6:30 – 8:30)
Friday        27    Homcoming
            Basketball games (Home, All Teams)
            Report Cards

Monday        30    Teen Trendsetters    

Tuesday        31-2/4    Girls Basketball districts (Away, Bell)    
 Daisies and Brownies (4:00)

CKS Homecoming Events and Court
MiKayla Pope

Homecoming is right around the corner and each high school class has picked a male and female student to strut across the gym, as their representative.
The candidates are: 9th grade chose Phoebe Cahours and Cody Beckham, 10th grade chose Brooke Allen and Tyler Miller and the 11th grade representatives are Chloe Reynolds and Josh Sills.  
“I’m honored that my class voted me as their girl representative and the experience will be a fun one!” says Phoebe Cahours.
Each pair will participate in the Homecoming parade on the 26th of January at 4pm. Homecoming Court includes class reps and the seniors running for Homecoming King and Queen. The king and queen will be revealed at half time during the varsity boys game. 

Don’t Judge a Book by it’s Cover
Taryn Epperson: Shark Correspondent
Students are required to read books throughout the year, many often find it hard to choose a good book, so I’ve decided to publish a list of books that other students and I find interesting.
An author who is quite popular with children and young adult books is Rick Riorden, he is personally one of my favorite authors and I think many students could understand his books and like them very much. The first series by Riorden I recommend is Percy Jackson series, it includes 5 books (The Lightning Thief, Sea of Monsters, The Titans Curse, Battle of the Labyrinth, and The Last Olympian) all about a boy Percy Jacksons who is a demi-god(has one Greek god parent) adventures with Greek Gods/Goddesses and mythology.  
The next Series by Riorden is The Kane Chronicles, including the Red Pyramid, and Throne of Fire; these two books are about the adventures of Cater and Sadie Cane as well as their culture with Egyptian gods/goddesses. The last series I recommend by Riorden is The Heroes of Olympus including The Lost Hero; about the travels of Jason, Leo, and Piper and their experiences as demi-gods (one Roman God parent), running from monsters and trying to find Jason’s memory. While, I can’t say much about the plot of Son of Neptune cause it will ruin the series I can say its action packed, and one my favorite book to date.  
While Riorden is a great author; James Patterson is the writer of one of the most actions packed, thriller, and a hint of romance series I’ve ever read: The Maximum Ride novels. Including 7 books (The Angel Experiment, Schools out Forever, Saving the World and Other Extreme Sports, Final Warning, Max, Fang, and Angle, with the final book coming out in February) When 7 children are created with wings they become like “lab-rats” living life in a cage and being experimented on, the lab they are in is called the School, and after they form an escape life on the run becomes hard. When you have wings, people point, people talk and make it hard to hide, and hard to seem normal. The adventures and things these kids endure are sure to take on the Maximum Ride. The final series I have to share is the Hunger Games trilogy.
I have to say I’ve formed quite the obsession for these books, and they are my favorite series. In a country in the future 12 districts surround a capitol and if you don’t live in the capitol your life is in danger. The 12 districts of Panem are required to send one girl and one boy between the ages of 12 and 18 to an arena to fight for their lives out of entertainment for the capitol. The books tell the life and experiences of Katniss Everdeen, age 16 from District 12 and her take on the Hunger Games.
While some of these books might not appeal to you now I urge you to read them, never judge a book by its cover. Pick up a novel and read!